Our vacation in Kenya School Project Kenya Endangered Animals and Nature


1 - Understanding of school system
2 - Free education
3 - Ukunda
4 - Primary schools
5 - Government schools
6 - Private schools
7 - Secondary schools
8 - Weather
9 - Economic organization
10 - Social organization
11 - Games
12 - Security
13 - Communication network

Praxides, a niece of Hilder, wrote also a report about Ukunda. Click here to read her story.


Klik hier voor Nederlandstalige versie

Click here for English version

The village Ukunda

(submitted by Hilder Anami)

Generally in Kenya 8-4-4 system of education is applied in both private and government schools. That's 8 years in primary 4 years in secondary and 4 years in university. One is not supposed to complete his primary education when he is 14 years old or below, secondary 18 years or below no exact age for university. But because of poverty in some of families in Kenya one would complete his primary with over 18 years and in secondary with over 22 years or even not to step to school at all. Then 3 vacations in a year for every school i.e. from January to March (first term) May to July (second term) and September to November (third team) in the third term the pupils sit for end of year exams which when they pass thy are promoted to another class/stage

[ top ]


Free education was introduced to all government primary schools in December 2002 after the presidential election. Now with the free education most of the children can go to school and get education unlike the previous years where parents were to pay school fees, buy writing materials and provide school uniforms to their children. For now parents have been left with only two main task i.e. provide school uniforms to their kids
Take them to school (primary education is compulsory) so that to stop young idle people from staying at home

[ top ]


Ukunda is a small village in south coast Kenya which is highly populated with different types of people with different activities. There are also many schools, beaches, churches and mosques. 

[ top ]


There are about 50 primary schools in Ukunda. 70% being government and about 30% private schools.

[ top ]


Government schools in Ukunda are highly populated because it's free and many people have come to settle in Ukunda therefore different tribes mixed
Each lass from 1- 8 has three or more streams, each stream having more than 50 pupils. Regardless of this many kids still go wondering on the streets/ beaches to win bread for their families. Just because some parents couldn't afford to buy uniforms for the kids
In government schools of Ukunda teachers have got a little to d because since the schools are situated on the beaches tourist center. Most tourists have at least donated some things for the schools and students donate by this on their own.
Also there are no tuition on the schools (extra time teaching) compared to the private schools in Ukunda. And with this it is a loss to the students because they move to other class even if they are not qualified to proceed to another class why? To create room for others. The 8.4.4 system i.e. the first 8 years one should be in primary, 4 years secondary and another 4 years university. But for secondary and university its not compulsory its only when you are enable to pay for your child then he/she can proceed in all those stages after 8 years study you've to do a national examination to qualify you to proceed with another stage. 
For those who can not afford they end up being beach boys, engage in early marriages, and pick pockets robberies e.t.c. because of the mixed tribes people differ in characters from others. 

[ top ]


They are several in Ukunda. For private schools most of the students who pass the final exam get a chance of joining secondary school because there parents can afford it( in private, education is not free)
The private compared to government and taught better because they are very few and their teachers are paid nicely thus their teachers get time to check the pupils class work teachers concentrate on students work.

[ top ]


There are six secondary schools in Ukunda. One is a government day school and the rest are private day and boarding. I hope the 5 private schools will change the life of Ukunda children because they are new and cheap compared to the government .

[ top ]


Ukunda is highly receiving its early rains till the end of May. Actually this is the season I like when am at school because it is school and when you study something it sticks in brain. It is normally very hot in December, January and February. That's when many people are found at the beaches. In this rainy season there are almost no tourists thus leading to closing down of many hotels. To those who earn from the beaches (those with business at the beach it is really a low season to them.

[ top ]


Some people are fishermen others work at the beaches in the hotel and others are self employed. Very few practice farming i.e. planting cassava and coconut. Rice is staple food for the coast Arians in Ukunda a big percentage of Ukunda residents are jobless.

[ top ]


A big percentage consist of the mijikenda the nine communities of the coast. Most of them being Muslims other occupants of Ukunda are from the highlands of Kenya the miji- kenda of Ukunda believe in traditions and taboos.

[ top ]


Most of the Ukunda residents like football and swimming and others like tennis and golf which are mainly played in the hotel beaches.

[ top ]


There are many la breakers at the Ukunda the long arm of the police deals with them seriously. There is a police station in Ukunda which guards all places of Ukunda day and nights.

[ top ]


Many use mobiles as a means of communication. Others E-mails and still others send letters through post offices. Internet access is there for only few people .

[ top ]

(c) August 2003, René de Vries
Designed and maintained by Frank de Vries
Local information by Hilder (and Rosie) Anami

How it started
The School
Who Are We
Most needed
Your help is needed
Raised funds so far